During the Han dynasty
(汉朝, 206BC—220AD), there was a man whose name was Yi Zong (义纵). Because of the special kindness
of the mother of the emperor
, Yi Zong was made a magistrate
in one county
After taking up
the official post ,he did very well in managing the official business. He was courageous
in handling cases, and punished
according to law anybody who violated
the law, no matter whether he was a despotic
gentleman who was rich and powerful or was one of the common people.
When Yi Zong was transferred
to be the prefect
of the Nanyang Prefecture (南阳郡), Ning Cheng (宁成), a despotic landlord
who stopped at nothing in doing evil, was living there，in order to ingratiate
himself with Yi Zong, Ning Cheng pretended to be very modest and courteous
every time he met Yi Zong and saw him off
But Yi Zong had heard of the evil conducts
of Ning Cheng already and, soon after he took office in Nanyang,he made investigations
. It did not take much time for him to find out Ning cheng's crimes and had him put in prison.
Later, Emperor Wu Di (汉武帝) of the Han Dynasty appointed Yi Zong the prefect of the Dingxiang Prefecture (定襄).
At that time, the public order in Dingxiang was very chaotic
. When he took office there, there were 200 convicts in prison who had committed felonies had no implements of punishment on them.There were also more than 200 persons who offered bribes in order to absolve those serious offenders from guilt.Yi Zong treated the matter severely. He arrested all those bribers and punished the bribers and those serious offenders already in prison severely. More than 400 convicts were executed in a day.
From that day on, whenever the name of Yi Zong was mentioned，people in Dingxiang would tremble with
fear --they would shiver all over though not cold.
英文中“不寒而栗”可以说成“a chill runs down one's spine”，“spine”就是“脊椎”的意思，那这个短语也就是“一股寒气从脊椎流下”的意思啦~