英语口语8000句:第8部分 见面分手

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我自学的。

I learned it on my own. *on my own “自学”、“靠自己的力量 ”。

I learned it by myself. *by oneself “一个人”、“靠自己的力量 ”。

你什么时候过生日?

When's your birthday?

When's your birthday? (你什么时候过生日?)

It's May 24th. (5月24日。)

●有关工作

你了解他的背景吗?

Do you know his background?

Do you know his background? (你了解他的背景吗?)

I know very little about him. (我一点儿也不了解。)

我在一家电脑公司工作。

I work for a computer company.

我是国家公务员。

I'm a government employee.

我是个体经营者。

I'm self-employed.

你在哪个部门工作?

Which department do you work for?

I work for ABC Company. (我在ABC公司工作。)

Which department do you work for? (你在哪个部门工作?)

搞销售的。

Sales.

这个工作你做了多长时间了?

How long have you been doing that job?

10年了。

For 10 years.

你的公司在哪儿?

Where is your company?

Where is your company located?

在新宿。

In Shinjuku.

上下班路上要花多长时间?

How long does it take (you) to commute? *commute “上班,上学”。

1个小时左右。

About one hour.

Around one hour.

It takes about one hour.

About an hour.

你怎么去上班?

How do you get to work?

How do you go to work?

我坐地铁。

I ride the subway.

I use the subway.

I take the subway.

我正在调工作。

I'm changing jobs.

我正在找工作。

I'm job hunting now.

I'm looking for work now.

我明年退休。

I'm retiring next year.

我现在失业了。

I'm out of work now. *out of work “失业”。

I don't have a job now.

I'm not working right now.

I'm unemployed. (现在失业了。)

●有关学校

你是学生吗?

Are you a student?

Are you a student? (你是学生吗?)

No, I've already finished school. (不是,我已经毕业了。)

Do you go to school? (你还在上学吗?)

我是个大学生。

I'm a college student. *在美国,college指包括university在内的大学。

I'm a junior college student. (我是大专生。)

I go to a vocational school. (我上职业专科学校。)

I go to a cram school. (我上的是补习学校。)

我正在学习英文。

I'm studying English.

我毕业于明治大学。

I went to Meiji University.

你上的哪所大学?

Where did you go to college? *college 指的一般大学。

Where did you go to college? (你上的哪所大学?)

I went to Harvard University. (我上的是哈佛大学。)

你上什么学校?

What school do you go to?

Which school do you go to?

我上……大学。

I go to...university. *elementary school “小学”,junior high school “中学”,high school “高中”。

你上几年级了?

What year are you in? *这句主要是问高中和大学的年级。如果是问小学生的话,应该 用What grade are you in?

我上一年级。

I'm a freshman. *在美国的高中和大学1年级是freshman,2年级是sophomore,3年级 是junior,4年级是senior。在美国没有初中的情况很多。在小学用I'm in first grade.表示1年级, I'm in second grade.表示2年级。

我明年毕业。

I'll graduate next year.

I'm graduating next year.

你的专业是什么?

What's your major?

What do you major in?

What are you studying? (你是学什么的?)

我的专业是英语。

I'm an English major.

I major in English.

你参加哪个俱乐部?

What club are you in?

What club do you belong to?

我在滑雪俱乐部。

I'm in the ski club.

你在打工吗?

Do you have a part-time job? *小时工是a part time job,正式职工是a full-time worker。

Do you have a part-time job? (你在打工吗?)

Yes, I'm a tutor. I work three times a week. (嗯,我做家教,一星期教三次。 )

Do you work part-time? (你在做小时工吗?)

我一个星期去一次书店做收银员。

I work at a bookstore as a cashier once a week.

毕业以后你打算做什么?

What are your plans after graduation?

What are your plans after graduation? (毕业以后你打算做什么?)

I haven't decided yet. (我还没有决定。)

What are you going to do after you graduate?

●有关家庭

你家有几口人?

How many people are in your family?

I have a large family. (我家是个大家庭。)

How many people are in your family? (你家有几口人?)

四口人。

Four people.

父母和我的妹妹。

My parents and my younger sister.

你有兄弟姐妹吗?

Any brothers or sisters?

Any brothers or sisters? (你有兄弟姐妹吗?)

No, none. (没有,一个也没有。)

Do you have any brothers or sisters?

Any siblings? *文言表达方式。sibling指“兄弟姐妹”。

只有一个哥哥(弟弟)。

Just one brother. *just和only都表示“只有,只”。想明确表示哥哥时用 older brother,弟弟用younger brother。英语中一般不把兄弟或姐妹加以区分。

I just have one brother.

你和父母住在一起吗?

Do you live with your parents?

我一个人住。

I live alone.

我住在公寓里。

I live in an apartment.

你结婚了吗?

Are you married?

Are you married? (你结婚了吗?)

Yes, I'm married. (是的,我结婚了。)

不,还没有。

No, not yet.

Do you have any children? (你有孩子吗?)

No, not yet. (不,还没有。)

Nope. (没,没有。)

Neah. (哪有啊。)

我有对象了。

I have a fiancé. *fiancé来自于法语,严格地来讲fiancé是 “未婚夫”;fiancée是“未婚妻”。两者后缀不同,发音一样。

我打算明年结婚。

I'm going to get married next year.

我结婚了。

I'm married. *“独身”用I'm single表示。

我订婚了。

I'm engaged.

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