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编辑点评: 学英语的人都知道,莎士比亚为英语词汇的发展做出了卓越的贡献,我们现在使用的很多词汇和表达都是源于莎翁的作品,比如salad days、green-eyed monster等。今天,我们就为大家盘点出源自于莎士比亚作品的10个常用短语,看过之后会不会立马觉得这些短语高大上了呢?

学英语的人都知道,莎士比亚为英语词汇的发展做出了卓越的贡献,我们现在使用的很多词汇和表达都是源于莎翁的作品,比如salad days、green-eyed monster等。今天,我们就为大家盘点出源自于莎士比亚作品的10个常用短语,看过之后会不会立马觉得这些短语高大上了呢?

1. Green-Eyed Monster: 嫉妒

How Shakespeare used it:

The evil Iago plants doubts in Othello's mind about his wife's faithfulness, while advising him, "O, beware, my lord, of jealousy! / It is the green-eyed monster which doth mock / The meat it feeds on." (Othello, Act 3, Scene 3)



".... if jealousy wasn't a factor, three out of every four married people were highly satisfied with the emotional facets of their marriage. However, when the 'green-eyed monster' entered the mix, levels of satisfaction dropped to less than half for married folk." — Michelle Lodge, HealthDay.com, Feb. 12, 2010

2. In a Pickle: 处于困境

How Shakespeare used it:

In The Tempest, King Alonso asks his jester, Trinculo, "How camest thou in this pickle?" And the drunk Trinculo – who has indeed gotten into trouble – responds "I have been in such a pickle since I saw you last ..." (Act 5, Scene 1)


One theory has it that the phrase in a pickle entered English from an old Dutch expression that translates as something like "sit in the pickle"。

有一种说法认为in a pickle这个短语来源于一个古代的荷兰语表达,类似于“坐在咸菜缸”里这样一个说法。


"Has the NYT got itself into a pickle over digital editions on Kindle and iPad?" — adamhodgkin on Twitter, May 6, 2010

3. Love Is Blind: 爱是盲目的

This phrase has more than one meaning: we overlook flaws in those we love (that's good), but love can blind us to serious issues (that's bad)。


How Shakespeare used it:

In The Merchant of Venice, Jessica is shy about her beloved Lorenzo seeing her disguised as a boy, but recognizes that it won't affect his love for her, saying, "But love is blind and lovers cannot see / The pretty follies that themselves commit ..." (Act 2, Scene 6)



"Jonathan Rhys Meyers thinks love is blind. The actor ... thinks it is easy to fall for someone without knowing much about them, just like his alter-ego does...." — ShowbizSpy.com, Feb. 7, 2010

4. Salad Days: 一个人的青春年少时光

How Shakespeare used it:

In Antony and Cleopatra, Cleopatra recalls her relationship with Julius Caesar that occurred during, "My salad days, / When I was green in judgment...." (Act 1, Scene 5)


Originally, English speakers used salad days with Cleopatra's meaning: a time of youthful inexperience or indiscretion. These days, however, it usually means "an early flourishing period" – in other words, a heyday。

最初,英语使用者只用salad days表示克莉奥佩特拉所说的“青春、稚嫩的时光”。不过现在,这个短语通常表示“鼎盛时期”。


"I know there are some people who still think this show is good, or watchable.... Just because there are a few cool things left from the salad days doesn't mean Heroes isn't a mess." — Darren Franich, EntertainmentWeekly.com, Nov. 10, 2009

5. Wear My Heart on My Sleeve: 公开表达感情

How Shakespeare used it:

Discussing his planned betrayal of Othello, the villain Iago says, "But I will wear my heart upon my sleeve / For daws to peck at: I am not what I am." (Othello, Act 1, Scene 1)



"I wear my heart on my sleeve and confessed my true feelings to a man who did not reciprocate. Now I am free to move on ..." — Daydreamin on Twitter, Mar. 12, 2010

6. There's the Rub: 这就是问题所在

How Shakespeare used it:

In Hamlet's famous "To be or not to be" soliloquy, "ay, there's the rub" is the tormented prince's acknowledgement that death may not end his difficulties because the dead may perhaps still be troubled by dreams. (Hamlet, Act 3, Scene 1)



"There's the rub. What does a progressive institution like Smith [College] do when Barbara decides to become Bert? It's a problem." — Roger Kimball, The New Criterion, May 2005

7. Cruel to Be Kind: 要想善良,必先残忍;忠言逆耳

How Shakespeare used it:

"I must be cruel only to be kind; / Thus bad begins, and worse remains behind," says the tormented Hamlet. He has just mistakenly killed Polonius, and it's clear that he doesn't know how bad things are going to get. (Hamlet, Act 3, Scene 4)



"The government has portrayed the cull [of 400 kangaroos] as a necessary case of being cruel to be kind, but the international focus has been mostly on the cruelty." — Tim Johnston, New York Times, Mar. 14, 2008

8. Wild Goose Chase: 复杂又无果的追寻或搜索;徒劳无果

How Shakespeare used it:

In Romeo and Juliet, Mercutio likens the rapid exchange of jokes between Romeo and himself to the cross-country horse race of Shakespeare's time, known as the wild goose chase, in which any number of riders tried to keep up with and accurately follow the lead rider's course:

"Nay, if our wits run the wild-goose chase, I am done; for thou / hast more of the wild goose in one of thy wits than, I am sure, I / have in my whole five." (Act 2, Scene 4)



"Seriously just went on a wild goose chase for a place to study. Everything is packed so I found an empty classroom in the math building." — TheHeartquake on Twitter, May 11, 2009

9. Dogs of War: 战争的恐惧之处

How Shakespeare used it:

In Julius Caesar, Act 3, Scene 1, a grief-stricken Mark Antony predicts that the instability following Caesar's murder will result in civil war: "Cry 'havoc!' And let slip the dogs of war!"

("Cry havoc" was the military order for soldiers to seize plunder from an enemy。)

莎士比亚原文:在《凯撒大帝》第3幕第1场中,悲伤过度的马克•安东尼预言称,凯撒大帝被谋杀后的不稳定局势会导致内战:“下令抢劫!让战争的恐惧溜走吧!”(Cry havoc是军队中的命令用语,指下令让士兵从敌人手中抢掠。)


"If you doubt that Obama is about to let slip the dogs of war, you need only look back at what he said as a long-shot presidential hopeful in a controversial August 2007 foreign policy speech." — James Gordon Meek, New York Daily News, May 10, 2010

10. Strange Bedfellows: 不可能结盟的两个人;同床异梦

How Shakespeare used it:

When Trinculo seeks shelter from a storm under the cloak of a creature he's very unsure about – he wonders if it's a man or a fish – he comments "misery acquaints a man with strange bed-fellows." (The Tempest, Act 2, Scene 2)



"But there's another key reason Philip Morris lobbied hard for FDA regulation, aligning itself with strange bedfellows like the Campaign for Smoke-Free Kids [and] the American Lung Association ..." — Kate Pickert, Time, June 12, 2009