小升初英语语法汇总:形容词、副词

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1、形容词表示某一事物或人的特征,副词表示某一动作的特征。

形容词和副词有三种形式:原形、比较级、最高级。比较级:+er 最高级:the …+est

两个重要特征:as……as中间一定用原形,than的前面一定要+er。

2、形容词、副词比较级的规则变化如下:

(1)一般直接+er。如:tall - taller, fast - faster 单音节词如果以-e结尾,只加-r。如:late - later

(2)重读闭音节词如末尾只有一个辅音字母,须双写这个字母,再加-er。如:big - bigger, fat - fatter

(3)以辅音字母加-y结尾的词,变y为i,再加-er。如:heavy - heavier, early - earlier

(4)双音节和多音节词的比较级应在原级前加more构成。如:beautiful - more beautiful, careful - more careful, quietly - more quietly, interesting - more interesting

(5)有些不规则变化的,须逐一加以记忆。如:good/well – better, bad/ill – worse, many/much – more, far – farther/further, old – older/elder…

练一练:

1、写出下列形容词、副词的比较级。
big good long tall old
short thin heavy young fat
light strong high far low
early late well fast slow 

2、用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。

1) I can swim as _______ (fast) as the fish, I think.
2) Look! His hands are _______ (big) than mine.
3) I think you do these things_______ (well) than your classmates.
4) Whose bag is _______ (heavy), yours or mine?
5) Does Jim run as _______(slow) as David? Yes, but Mike runs_______ (slow) than them.
6) You have seven books, but I have _______ (many) than you. I have ten.
7) I jump _______ (far) than some of the boys in my class.
8) I’m very_______ (thin), but she’s _______ (thin) than me.
9) It gets _______and_______ (warm) when spring comes here.

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