细数那些让你短命的习惯 你中枪了吗?

所属专题:小升初英语  来源:沪江小学资源网    要点:英语短命习惯  
编辑点评: 你可能会想只吸一根烟不会危害身体。但实际上根据最新测算,对吸烟者而言吸一根烟可能要减少14分钟的寿命。有一个网站已经测算出一名抽烟,喝酒或吸毒的人会因每次的坏习惯少活多长时间。

You might think that just one cigarette 'can't hurt'. But it could in fact cost a smoker almost 14 minutes of their life, according to new calculations. A new website has worked out how much time a smoker, alcoholic or a drug addict will lose, each time they use. For example, regularly smoking 20 cigarettes a day cuts ten years off a person's life, the website claims. Alcoholics cut their lives short by 23 years, while chronic cocaine users lose 34 years, it adds。

你可能会想只吸一根烟不会危害身体。但实际上根据最新测算,对吸烟者而言吸一根烟可能要减少14分钟的寿命。有一个网站已经测算出一名抽烟,喝酒或吸毒的人会因每次的坏习惯少活多长时间。例如,该网站宣称如果通常每天吸20根烟,会减寿十年。酒鬼则会减少23的寿命,而慢性可卡因食用者最多竟少活34年,该网站补充道。

How much time does a lifelong addict loose each time they use?

Cigarettes Cocaine Alcohol Meth Methdone Heroin

13.8 minutes 5.1 hours 6.6 hours 11.1 hours 12.6 hours 22.8 hours

The total time lost for each individual use is heavily dependent on how many times the average daily dose is segmented. For example, the daily dose of cocaine is segmented by 6.6 (lines) , while the daily dose of alcohol is segmented by 2.14 (drinks)。

终身吸烟者每次吸烟要消耗多长寿命?

烟 可卡因 酒精 甲安菲他明 美沙酮 海洛因

13.8分钟 5.1小时 6 .6小时 11.1小时 12.6小时 22.8小时

每人消耗的寿命很大程度要看平均每天的吸食次数。例如,每天吸食可卡因6.6(条),或每日酒精摄入量为2.14(杯)。

How the numbers were calculated

Average Lifetime - Average age of death = Number of years lost

Number of years lost × 365.242 × 24 = Number of hours lost

Average use per day × Number of days using = Lifetime number of doses

Number of hours lost / Lifetime number of doses = Time lost per dose in hours

Number of days using = Average of death -Average age of first regular use × 365.242

平均寿命-平均死亡年龄=减少的寿命

减少的寿命年数 × 365.242 × 24 = 减少的小时数

平均每天摄入量 × 食用天数 = 一生摄入总量

减少的小时数量 / 一生摄入总量 = 每次摄入后减少的寿命

摄入天数 = 平均死亡年龄 - 首次常规摄入者的平均年龄 × 365.242

Treatment4addiction.com, a website providing information people with drug and alcohol addictions, has calculated how many years an addiction to cigarettes, alcohol, cocaine, methamphetamine, methadone and heroine are cutting from their lives by continued use. Mephamphetamine addicts live to an average age of just 38, while heroin addicts don't fare much better, dying at on average at just 38 years old. The website's creators have also worked out how many minutes or hours each single dose will cost an addict。

一个网址为Treatment4addiction.com的网站是一家向沉迷于毒品和酒精的人提供信息的网站。该网站已经测算了沉迷于香烟、酒精、可卡因、甲基苯丙胺、美沙酮或海洛因的人在持续吸食的情况下会减少多少寿命。吸食甲基苯丙胺的人平均寿命仅为38岁。该网站创始人已经算出各类瘾君子每次会消耗多少分钟或小时的寿命。

One line of cocaine takes a chronic user five minutes closer to death, while a single methadone pill costs a user almost 13 hours. Treatment4Addiction.com is a ‘resource for people looking for help and support in regards to drug and alcohol addiction’, its developers said. All the data came from official sources including the U.S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Jake Tri, project manager for the website said it was formed after the developers heard comments about how much time smoking a cigarette costs a person, and wanted to find out the exact figure。

每条可卡因可使慢性摄入者少活5分钟,而每片甲基苯丙胺则使其食用者少活13个小时。“该网站是人们寻求帮助的一大资源并得到了吸食毒品和嗜酒人员的支持,”该网站的开发人员说道。网站上的全部数据是官方信息,包括美国疾病防控中心、物质滥用和精神健康服务管理局、国家公路交通安全管理局。该网站项目经理杰克•特里说当开发人员听到人们对吸一根烟可消耗多少寿命的看法后,他们建立了这一网站并想找到与此相关的其他数据。

How much time does a lifelong addict lose when using the average daily dose?

Cigarette: 12 hours= 4.6 hours

Alcohol: 12 hours 12 hours = 14.1 hours

Cocaine: 24 hours 12 hours = 33.7 hours

Methdone: 24 hours 24 hours 12 hours = 50.4 hours

Methamphetamine: 24 hours 24 hours 12 hours = 58.8 hours

Heroin: 24 hours 24 hours 12 hours 12 hours = 68.4 hours

These estimates are for chronic users where negative effects would be cumulative over time。

平均日摄入量会使终身瘾君子少活多长时间?

香烟:4.6小时 酒精:14.1小时 可卡因:33.7小时 美沙酮:50.4小时 甲基苯丙胺:58.8小时

海洛因:68.4小时

这些数据主要针对长期服用人员,其消极影响是长期积累下来的。

He told MailOnline: 'The initial inspiration for this project was from hearing a statement many of us have come across in passing... Something like "Smoking one cigarette takes away 10 minutes of your life". 'We then wondered about other drugs and applied the same methodology using statistics from several reputable sources. They checked their methodology against statistics from the University of Bristol, and found they were very close, with differences attributed to the fact they were using U.S. government sources rather than U.K. statistics。

他对每日邮报说:“开始做这一项目的动机是偶然碰见了一些人听到了他们的观点.。.像是‘每吸一根烟要少活10分钟,’听了这样的话我们好奇其他药品情况如何,于是就用了同样的方法从几个不同的权威机构获取数据。”通过与布里斯托尔大学的数据做对比他们发现他们的测算结果与其十分接近,而存在差异是因为他们的数据来自美国政府而非英国政府。

He added that the methodology gives an estimated number rather than a definite number. He said: 'There are far too many factors to give a 100% accurate assessment of how much time one loses after smoking a single cigarette or taking a single drink. 'However this methodology does provide a good estimate for those that are chronic users of a certain substance, as it is based on average usage and life expectancy data.'

他还补充说这种方法只是一种估算,不能给出绝对准确的数字。他说:“虽然有很多因素能帮助我们得出百分百正确的数据,以反映在吸完一根烟或喝完一杯酒后的寿命折损情况,但对那些长期服用一种物质的人来说这种测算方法更加合理,因为它是基于平均用量和平均寿命来定的。

Chronic user of cigarettes

Life lost: 13% Average age to begin regular use: 17.8 Number of doses per day: one pack (20 cigarettes)

Average age of death: 68.7 Number of years using: 50.9 Years lost: 10 years

One cigarette could cost a chronic smoker 13.8 minutes of his or her life。

The normal dosage per day (1 pack of cigarettes) could cost a chronic smokers 4.6 hours of his or her life。

慢性吸烟者

寿命消耗:13% 开始吸烟的平均年龄:17.8 每天摄入量:一包(20 根)

平均死亡年龄:68.7 烟龄:50.9 减少寿命:10年

一根香烟使吸烟者少活13.8分钟。

每天习惯吸食计量(一包香烟)减少4.6小时的寿命。

Chronic user of alcohol

Life lost: 29% Average age to begin regular use: 16 Number of doses per day:2.14 Average years of death: 55.6

Number of years using: 39.6 Years lost : 23.1

One drink could cost a chronic drinker 6.6 hours of his or her life。

The normal dosage per day(2.14 drinks) could cost a chronic drinks 14.1 hours of his or her life. CDC defines a heavy drinker(male) as someone who consumes 15 or more drinks in a weenk。

慢性酗酒者

折损寿命:29% 平均开始酗酒年龄:16 每日摄入量:2.14 平均死亡年龄:55.6 酗酒时间:39.6 寿命减少:23.1年

一杯酒使慢性酗酒者少活6.6 小时。

每日摄入量(2.14瓶)可减少寿命14.1小时。疾病防治中心把每周累计喝下15瓶或15瓶以上的人定义为酗酒者。

Chronic user of cocaine

Life lost: 44% Average age to begin regular use : 20 Number of doses per day : 6.6 lines (1 gram,6.6lines around 150 mg each) Average age of death:44.5 Number of years using:24.5 years lost:34.3

One line could cost a chronic cocaine user 5.1 hours of his or her life。

The normal dosage per day (6.6 lines) could coste cchronic cocaine users 33.7 hours of his or her life。

Social recreational users typically use much less than regular users. Regular users can consume 1-2 grams of cocaine per day as tolerance builds。

慢性可卡因服用者

生命折损:44% 平均开始服用年龄:20 每天服用剂量6.6 条(1克,6.6条,每条约150毫克)平均死亡年龄:44.5 服用年数:24.5 寿命减少:34.3

一条可卡因可消耗服用者5.1小时的寿命。

每天6.6条的剂量将使慢性可卡因服用者少活33.7小时。

一般用于消遣的剂量明显要比沉迷可卡因的人少很多,一般后者每天要服用1-2克的可卡因。

Chronic user of methamphetamine

Life lost: 53% Average age to begin regular use : 19.7 Number of doses per day : 5.3 hits Average age of death:36.8 Number of years using:17.10 years lost:41.9

One hit could cost a chronic cocaine user 11.1 hours of his or her life。

The normal dosage per day (5.3 hits) could coste a meth user 58.8 hours of his or her life。

慢性甲基苯丙肭服用者

生命折损53% 平均开始服用年龄:19.7 每天服用剂量5.3 块 平均死亡年龄:36.8 服用年数:17.10 寿命减少:41.9

一块甲基苯丙肭可消耗服用者11.1小时的寿命。

每天服用5.3块甲基苯丙肭可消耗服用者58.5小时的寿命

Chronic user of methadone

Life lost:49% Average age to begin regular use : 22.3 Number of doses per day : 4 pills Average age of death:40.5 Number of years using:18.2 years lost:38.2

One pill could cost a chronic methadone user 12.6 hours of his or her life。

The normal dosage per day (4pills) could coste a methadone user 50.4 hours of his or her life。

慢性美沙酮服用者

生命折损:49% 平均开始服用年龄::22.3 每天服用剂量:4 片 平均死亡年龄:40.5 服用年数:18.2 寿命减少:38.2

一片美沙酮可消耗服用者12.6小时的寿命。

每天服用4片可使服用者少活50.4小时。

Chronic user of heroin

Life lost:52% Average age to begin regular use : 23 Number of doses per day :3 Average age of death:37.5 Number of years using:14.5 years lost:41.2

Shooting up one time could cost a chronic heroin user 22.8 hours of his or her life。

The normal dosage per day (3 injections) could coste a chronic heroin user 68.4 hours of his or her life。

慢性海洛因服用者

生命折损:52% 平均开始服用年龄:23 每天服用剂量:3 平均死亡年龄:37.5 服用年数:14.5 寿命减少:41.2

每注射一次可消耗摄入者22.8小时的寿命。

每天注射三次将消耗68.4小时的寿命。

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