英语语法经典例题800例:时态(例题)

所属专题:小学英语语法  来源:沪江小学资源网    要点:英语语法大全  
编辑点评: 英语语法让很多学生都头疼,因为复杂难懂的句式和词组有时难以记忆。小编为大家整理了小学英语语法大全,本章主要介绍英语语法中的句子成分,希望对同学们的英语语法学习有所帮助!

1. “I _____ his telephone number.” “I have his number, but I ____ to bring my phone book.”

A. forget, forget B. forgot, forgot

C. forget, forgot D. forgot, forget

【陷阱】容易误选A,认为“忘记”是现在的事。

【分析】仔细体会一下对话的语境:第一个人说“我忘记他的电话号码了”,这个“忘记”应该是现在的情况,即现在忘记了,要不然就没有必要同对方说此话了,故第一空应填 forget;第二个人说“我有他的号码,但我忘记带电话本了”,这个“忘记”应该是过去的情况,即过去忘记带电话本,所以现在电话本不在身上(注意句中的转折连词 but),故第二空应填 forgot,即答案选应C。请再看一例:

— Oh, I ______ where he lives.

— Don’t you carry your address book?

No, I ______ to bring it.

A. forget, forget B. forgot, forgot

C. forget, forgot D. forgot, forget

答案选C,理由同上。

2. I had hoped to see her off at the station, but I _____ too busy.

A. was B. had been

C. would be D. would have been

【陷阱】容易误选B或D,认为前句用了had hoped,所以此句谓语要用B或D与之呼应。

【分析】但正确答案为A,前一句谓语用had hoped,表示的是过去未曾实现的想法或打算,可以译为“本想”,而后一句说“我太忙”,这是陈述过去的一个事实,所以要用一般过去时。请做以下类似试题(答案均为A):

(1) We had hoped to catch the 10:20 train, but _____ it was gone.

A. found B. had found

C. would find D. would have found

(2) We had hoped that you would be able to visit us, but you _____.

A. didn’t B. hadn’t

C. needn’t D. would not have

(3) We had wanted to come to see him, but we ____ no time.

A. had B. had had

C. would have D. would have had

(4) I had expected to come over to see you last night, but someone ______ and I couldn’t get away.

A. called B. had called

C. would call D. would have called

(5) The traffic accident wouldn’t have happened yesterday, but the driver _______ really careless.

A. was B. is

C. were D. had been

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