状语从句知识点总结:让步状语从句的用法及有关说明

所属专题:小学英语语法  来源:沪江小学资源网    要点:英语语法大全  
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引导让步状语从句的从属连词有although, though, as, while(虽然), even if/though(即使), whether…or…(不论/不管……还是……) 以及“疑问词+ever”和“no matter+疑问词”等。如:

Although/Though they are poor they are happy. 虽然他们很穷,但很快乐。

Though he is very old, he works hard. 尽管他年老了但仍努力工作。

Tired as he was, he sat up late. 他虽然疲倦,可仍然很晚才睡。

While I like the color of the hat, I do not like its shape. 虽然我喜欢这顶帽子的颜色,但我不喜欢它的形状。

I’ll go even if/though it snows. 即使下雪我也要去。

Whether you believe it or not, it is true. 不管你信还是不信,这的确是事实。

However (=No matter how) tired you may be, you must do it today. 不管怎样累, 你也得今天做。

Wherever (=No matter where) I am, I will be thinking of you. 不管我在哪里我都会想到你。

注意:

1. as 作“虽然”解,引导让步状语从句时,从句中的状语、表语或动词必须置于句首,though 引导的让步状语从句,也可将这些成分置于句首,但 although 等其它词引导的让步状语从句不能将这些成分前置。如:

Hard as/though they tried (=Although/Though they tried hard), they couldn’t make her change her mind. 尽管他们做了很大努力,却没法让她改变主意。

2. 引导让步状语从句时,若提前的是可数名词单数,要省略不定冠词。如:

Child as he is, he knows a lot. 虽然他是孩子,但他却很懂事了。

3. 表示“虽然”的连词不能与表示“但是”的连词 but 连用,但可以 yet 或 still 等副词连用。如:

译:虽然当时正下着雨,他还是到那里去了。

误:Though it was raining, but he went there.

正:Though it was raining, he went there.

正:It was raining, but he went there.

正:Though it was raining, yet he went there.

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