英语语法定语从句知识点:关系代词whose的用法

所属专题:小学英语语法  来源:沪江小学资源网    要点:英语语法大全  
编辑点评: 英语语法让很多学生都头疼,因为复杂难懂的句式和词组有时难以记忆。小编为大家整理了小学英语语法大全,本章主要介绍英语语法中的句子成分,希望对同学们的英语语法学习有所帮助!

1. whose用作关系代词时,它并不表示“谁的”,而是表示 “……的……”,在具体语境需要灵活处理。如:

He is the man whose car was stolen. 他就是汽车被窃的人。

The boys whose names were called stood up. 叫到名字的男孩们站了起来。

You are the only one whose advice he might listen to. 你是惟一可能使他听从劝告的人。

2. 不要以为whose引导定语从句时,其先行词一定是指人的名词,其实也可以是指事物(包括动 物)的名词。如:

It was an island whose name I have forgotten. 这是一座岛,名字我忘了。

Wolves are highly social animals whose success depends upon cooperation. 狼是高度群 体化的动物,它们的成功依赖于合作。

3. whose 不仅可以引导限制性定语从句,也可引导非限制性定语从句。如:

My bitch, whose temper is very uncertain, often bites the judges at dog shows. 我的 母狗脾气不稳定,常常在狗展上咬裁判。

One of the Britons, whose identity has not been revealed, was taken to hospital. 其 中一位英国人被送往医院。他的身份还没有透露。

Now was not the time to start thinking of mother, whose death had so distressed me. 现在还不是开始想念母亲的时候。她的逝世曾令我极度痛苦。

4. 引导定语从句的“whose+名词”,有时可换成其他结构,注意词序的变化。比较 :

破了窗户的那座房子是空的。

正:The house whose windows are broken is empty.

正:The house the windows of which are broken is empty.

正:The house of which the windows are broken is empty.

正:The house with broken windows is empty.

5. 根据语境的需要,whose 前可以使用语义需要的介词。如:

I wish to thank Professor Smith, without whose help I would never have got this far. 我要感谢史密斯教授,没有他的帮助,我不会走到今天这一步。

Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, from whose effects the people are still suffering. 上个月东南亚的部分地区受到洪水侵袭,现在人们仍在遭受洪水带来的影 响。

>>点击查看小学英语语法专题,阅读更多相关文章!

最新2018英语语法大全信息由沪江小学资源网提供。

最新文章

请输入错误的描述和修改建议,建议采纳后可获得50沪元。

错误的描述:

修改的建议: