英语语法存在句知识点:谈谈“there be+名词+非谓语动词”

所属专题:小学英语语法  来源:沪江小学资源网    要点:英语语法大全  
编辑点评: 英语语法让很多学生都头疼,因为复杂难懂的句式和词组有时难以记忆。小编为大家整理了小学英语语法大全,本章主要介绍英语语法中的句子成分,希望对同学们的英语语法学习有所帮助!

1. there be+宾语+现在分词:

现在分词表示主动关系,同时表示动作正在进行:

There is someone waiting for him. 有人在等他。

There was a man standing in front of me. 我前面站着一个男人。

There were some children swimming in the river. 有些小孩在河里游泳。

There were a group of young people working in the fields. 有一群青年在地里劳动。

有时现在分词可表示一种状态:

There’s a piano standing against the wall. 靠墙有一架钢琴。

There’re a lot of difficulties facing us. 我们面前有很多困难。

There is a door leading to the garden. 有一座门通往花园。

有个别现在分词用于该结构时可以表示将来(正如它们可用进行时表示将来一样):

There are ten people coming to dinner. 有10个人来吃晚饭。

2. there be+宾语+过去分词:

过去分词表示一种被动关系,同时表示动作已经发生:

There is nothing written on it. 上面没写东西。

There were ten people killed in the accident. 事故中有10人丧生。

有时过去分词也可表示一种状态(可转换成被动结构):

There were some old men seated (=who were seated) in the back. 有些老人坐在后面。

There is a red car parked (=which is parked) outside the house. 房子外边停着一辆红色 汽车。

3. there be+宾语+不定式:不定式通常表示动作尚未发生:

There was nobody to look after the child. 没有人照顾这孩子。

There was a large crowd to send him off. 有一大群人要来给他送行。

There was so much to lose that we couldn’t take any risks. 可能会有很大的损失 ,因此我们不能冒险。

【注】当其中的宾语与其后的不定式为被动关系时,可用主动表被动,也可用被动式:

There is much work to do [to be done]. 有许多工作要做。

有时其中的不定式为系表结构:

There is nothing to be afraid of. 没什么可怕的。

What was there to be afraid of. 有什么可怕的?

There’s nothing to be ashamed of. 没有什么值得羞愧的。

>>点击查看小学英语语法专题,阅读更多相关文章!

最新2018英语语法大全信息由沪江小学资源网提供。

最新文章

请输入错误的描述和修改建议,建议采纳后可获得50沪元。

错误的描述:

修改的建议: