英语语法强调句知识点:强调句的概念及用法

所属专题:小学英语语法  来源:沪江小学资源网    要点:英语语法大全  
编辑点评: 英语语法让很多学生都头疼,因为复杂难懂的句式和词组有时难以记忆。小编为大家整理了小学英语语法大全,本章主要介绍英语语法中的句子成分,希望对同学们的英语语法学习有所帮助!

一、基本定义

强调句(The Emphatic Pattern)是一种修辞,是人们为了表达自己的意愿或情感而使用的一种形式。通过各种方式对句子中的某个部分进行强调,从而起到修辞的作用。 英语常用的强调结构是"It is (was)+被强调部分(主语、宾语或状语)+who (that)..."。一般说来,被强调部分指人时,用who;指事物时用that,但that也可以指人。在美国英语中指事物时常用which来代替that。

二、常用句型

1. 陈述句的强调句型

It is/ was + 被强调部分(通常是主语、宾语或状语)+ that/ who(当强调主语且主语指人)+ 其他部分。

例子 It was yesterday that he met Li Ping.

2. 一般疑问句的强调句型

同上,只是把is/ was提到it前面。

例子 Was it yesterday that he met Li Ping?

3. 特殊疑问句的强调句型

被强调部分(通常是疑问代词或疑问副词)+ is/ was + it + that/ who + 其他部分?

例子 When and where was it that you were born?

4.not … until … 句型的强调句

A. 句型为:It is/ was not until + 被强调部分 + that + 其他部分

普通句:He didn't go to bed until/ till his wife came back.

强调句:It was not until his wife came back that he went to bed.

B. 注意:

此句型只用until,不用till。但如果不是强调句型,till, until可通用;因为句型中It is/ was not ... 已经是否定句了,that后面的从句要用肯定句,切勿再用否定句了。

5.谓语动词的强调

A. It is/ was ... that ... 结构不能强调谓语,如果需要强调谓语时,用助动词do/ does或did

Do sit down. 务必请坐。

Do be careful when you cross the street. 过马路时,务必(千万)要小心啊!

B. 注意:

此种强调只用do/ does和did,没有别的形式;过去时用did,后面的谓语动词用原形。

三、强调形式

常见到的强调形式,共有以下七类:

⒈用do\does\did + V可表强调

Some people do believe that nuclear power poses a threat to the world peace.

⒉adv或adj可表强调:Never \ only\ Very

This is the very question that deserves careful analysis.

⒊双重否定可表强调

Taking part-time jobs is never without drawbacks.

⒋what引导的主从可表强调

What really matters is cooperation.

⒌倒装可表强调(凡是倒装都可以表示强调)

Little do people take into account the seriousness of this problem.

⒍比较状语从句可表强调

Nothing is more imperative than to learn from the past.

⒎强调句型可表强调

It is \was +被强调部份+ that \ who +原句剩余部份

It is stability that destroys people’s ambition and barricades people’s steps.

四、注意事项

that后的强调句如果是原因状语从句,从句只能用because引导,不能用since,as或why。

It was because the water had risen that they could not cross the river。

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