英语语法倒装句知识点:涉及主谓一致的倒装

所属专题:小学英语语法  来源:沪江小学资源网    要点:英语语法大全  
编辑点评: 英语语法让很多学生都头疼,因为复杂难懂的句式和词组有时难以记忆。小编为大家整理了小学英语语法大全,本章主要介绍英语语法中的句子成分,希望对同学们的英语语法学习有所帮助!

有这样一道题:

In the letter __________ these words,“I love you”.

A. was B. were C. saw D. found

此题应选B。选项A,C,D都有可能被误选。

对于此题,考生首先要弄清它是一个倒装句,其正常词序为:These words "I love you" were in the letter. 为了结构紧凑和平衡,才使用此倒装句式。又如:

轮船上有2000余人。

正:On the ship were more than 2000 people.

正:More than 2000 people were on the ship.

值得注意的是,以上这类倒装句,还涉及主谓一致问题:

墙后是一些高树子。

正:Behind the wall are some tall trees.

误:Behind the wall is some tall trees.

老师四周围着一些年轻的学生。

正:Around the teacher were some young students.

误:Around the teacher was some young students.

这两座山之间有一个小村庄。

正:Between the two hills was a small village.

误:Between the two hills were a small village.

盒子里有一些小球。

正:In the box are some small balls.

误:In the box is some small balls.

这类句子,有的考生之所出错,是因为他们把句首的介词短语看作主语,从而把谓语与介词短语中的名词保持一致。

关于这个问题,有个比较简单的方法可以判定:即在英语中介词短语通常不能作主语,假若一个句子的主语位置是一个介词短语,考生应考虑是否是一个倒装句。

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