夏洛的网原版书学习笔记(12)

所属专题:小学英语课程  来源:沪江英语    要点:夏洛的网  
编辑点评: 这部傲居“美国最伟大的十部儿童文学名著”之首的童话,在传递了爱与友谊之外,还包含着一份对生命本身的赞美与眷恋。美国作家E.B.怀特在《夏洛的网》中,用细腻的笔触把那些温暖而柔和的情愫,深深地埋在了每一个读者的心底。

内容简介:

《夏洛的网》是美国作家E.B.怀特所著的三部被誉为“二十世纪读者最多、最受爱戴的童话”之一。

在 朱克曼家的谷仓里,快乐地生活着一群动物,其中小猪威尔伯和蜘蛛夏洛建立了最真挚的友谊。然而,一个最丑恶的消息打破了谷仓的平静:威尔伯未来的命运 竞 是成为熏肉火腿。作为一只小猪,悲痛绝望的威尔伯似乎只能接受任人宰割的命运了,然而,看似渺小的夏洛却说:“我救你。”于是,夏洛用自己的丝在猪栏 上织 出了被人类视为奇迹的网上文字,彻底逆转了威尔伯的命运,终于让它在集市的大赛中赢得特别奖,和一个安享天命的未来。但,这时,蜘蛛夏洛的生命却走 到了尽 头……

作者简介:

E.B.怀特(1899-1985)生于纽约蒙特弗农,毕业于 康奈尔大学。也许你对美国作家E.B. 怀特(E.B.White)感到陌生,也许你对《Charlotte's Web》(《夏洛的网》)不是很熟悉, 但是一提起一部电影《精灵鼠小弟》,你马上就知道了,这部电影就是根据E.B. 怀特(E.B.White)的书改编拍摄的。他还有一部童话叫《吹小号的 天鹅》

Chapter 13.Good Progress

【段落赏析】

Lurvy picked up a pitchfork and walked away to get some clean straw. Having such an important pig was going to mean plenty of extra work, he could see that.

Below the apple orchard, at the end of a path, was the dump where Mr. Zuckerman threw all sorts of trash and stuff that nobody wanted anymore. Here, in a small clearing hidden by young alders and wild raspberry bushes, was an astonishing pile of old bottles and empty tin, cans and dirty rags and bits of metal and broken bottles and broken hinges and broken springs and dead batteries and last month's magazines and old discarded dishmops and tattered overalls and rusty spikes and leaky pails and forgotten stoppers and useless junk of all kinds, including a wrong-size crank for a broken ice-cream freezer.

No.1 -Next morning, Wilbur arose and stood beneath the web.

【译文】第二天一早,韦伯醒了,爬了起来,站在网下。

【单词笔记】beneath

【英英释义】

1.  in or to a lower position than something, or directly under something[= underneath]:

2.  covered by something:

3.  used to say that someone's real character or feelings are not shown because their appearance or behaviour is different[= underneath]:

4.  not good enough or suitable for someone:

5.  in a lower, less important rank or job than someone else[= below]

【例】

1.  The dolphins disappeared beneath the waves.

2.  Shiona shivered beneath the bedclothes.

3.  Dave sensed that something more sinister lay beneath the woman's cheerful exterior.

4.  She acts as if even speaking to us is beneath her.

【举一反三】

under, underneath, below, beneath

Under is the usual way to say that one thing is at a lower level than another, or is covered by it

1. Your shoes are under the table.

2.  He lay under a blanket.

Under常作介词,与名词连用,表示地点。

Underneath has a similar meaning to under, and is used especially when something is hidden or covered

1.  a box underneath the floorboards.

它也可作副词。

1.  She lifted the cover and peeped underneath.

Below is used when one thing is at a much lower level than another, and can be a preposition or an adverb

1.  the apartment below ours

2. Mist lay in the valley below.

Beneath can be used in the same ways as underand below, but is a more literary or formal word1、beneath the silvery moon

3.  the cliff, and the ocean beneath

No.2 - The rat looked disgusted.

【译文】老鼠似乎很不耐烦。

【单词笔记】disgust

【英英释义】

V.

1. to make someone feel very annoyed or upset about something that is not acceptable: 

2. to be so unpleasant that it makes you feel almost sick: 

Disgusted

Adj.

very annoyed or upset by something that is not acceptable

【词组笔记】

1. disgusted at/by/with 

Most locals are disgusted by the anti-foreigner violence.

2. disgusted that 

Animal welfare workers were disgusted that anyone could do this to a puppy.

3. be disgusted to find/hear/see etc 

Dear Sir, I was disgusted to see the picture on page one of Sunday's feature section.

【同反义词】

Disgusted, fed up, sick of, tired of

沪江小编:学习新单词的同时也要关注同反义词及词组的收集。英语其实没我们想的那么复杂,它比中文的词海小多了,学一点联想一点记一点,我们不就能学好英语了么?

 

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