新概念优美背诵短文50篇:郊区化(双语有声)

所属专题:中小学新概念英语  来源:沪江小学资源网    要点:新概念背诵短文  
编辑点评: 新概念英语作为享誉全球的最为经典地道的英语教材,以其严密的体系性、严谨的科学性、精湛的实用性、浓郁的趣味性深受英语学习者的青睐,早已成为英语学习者的必选读物。许多美国人都住在城市的郊区,而并不住在市中心。郊区的住宅,生活条件往往更为优越,吸引大批中产阶级前往居住。那么郊区化是怎样开始的呢?本期的话题就是美国郊区化。


 

Suburbanization
郊区化

If by "suburb" is meant an urban margin that grows more rapidly than its already developed interior, the process of suburbanization began during the emergence of the industrial city in the second quarter of the nineteenth century. Before that period the city was a small highly compact cluster in which people moved about on foot and goods were conveyed by horse and cart.
如果"郊区"指的是比已建好的城市内部发展更为迅速的城市边缘地带,那么郊区化在1825年至1850年工业化城市出现期间就开始了。在这之前,城市只是高度密集的小聚居群,在这里人们靠步行走动,商品靠马车运送。

But the early factories built in the 1830's and 1840's were located along waterways and near railheads at the edges of cities, and housing was needed for the thousands of people drawn by the prospect of employment. In time, the factories were surrounded by proliferating mill towns of apartments and row houses that abutted the older, main cities. As a defense against this encroachment and to enlarge their tax bases, the cities appropriated their industrial neighbors. In 1854, for example, the city of Philadelphia annexed most of Philadelphia County. Similar municipal maneuvers took place in Chicago and in New York.
但是建于18世纪三四十年代的早期工厂位于城边的航道和铁路附近,而被工作前景吸引到这里的成千上万的人们需要住房。渐渐地,在与旧有的主要城区相毗邻的地方,不断涌现出由排房和公寓楼组成的工人聚居区,包围了工厂。作为对这种侵蚀的自卫,也为了扩大税基,城市吞并了工业化的临近地带,比如1854年费城的城区就兼并了费县的绝大部分地区。相似的城市化也发生在芝加哥和纽约。

Indeed, most great cities of the United States achieved such status only by incorporating the communities along their borders. With the acceleration of industrial growth came acute urban crowding and accompanying social stress -- conditions that began to approach disastrous proportions when, in 1888, the first commercially successful electric traction line was developed. Within a few years the horse-drawn trolleys were retired and electric streetcar networks crisscrossed and connected every major urban area, fostering a wave of suburbanization that transformed the compact industrial city into a dispersed metropolis.
事实上,今天很多美国的大城市就是靠吞并它们附近的边缘地区而变成大都会的。随着工业化的加速发展,城市里出现了严重拥挤和随之而来的社会压力。当1888年第一条商业化成功的电气化铁轨被制造出来时,压力开始接近危机的程度。几年之内,马车就被废弃了,电车网相互交织连接着各个重要的城区,从而形成了一种郊区化的潮流,即密集的工业城市转变成了分散的都市。

This first phase of mass-scale suburbanization was reinforced by the simultaneous emergence of the urban Middle Class, whose desires for homeownership in neighborhoods far from the aging inner city were satisfied by the developers of single-family housing tracts.
此时城市中产阶级的出现进一步加强了第一波大规模郊区化。 这些中产阶级希望在远离老旧城市的地区拥有住宅,单一家庭住宅地区的开发者满足了他们的愿望。

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